An orthognathic surgery is commonly known as corrective jaw surgery. This procedure can correct several irregularities of the teeth or facial skeleton. Maxillofacial and oral surgeons will perform this surgery to enhance the appearance and smile of their patients.
In addition, an orthognathic surgery jaw enhances the patient’s ability to breathe, speak, and chew. Other advantages include relief from sleep disorders, snoring, headache, and facial pain. Carlyle Orthodontics shares more information about this treatment option.
Who needs this surgery?
People whose jaws and teeth produce an unfitting bite will surely benefit from this surgery. The growth of the jaw is a slow process, which means the mandible and maxilla can sometimes grow at varying speeds. This can lead to functional issues, such as sleeping, breathing, chewing, speaking, and general problems of dental health. Those who suffer from severe misalignment can have problems with their appearance that leads to emotional or psychological issues.
Birth and head defects or facial trauma can also cause jaw misalignment. Orthodontics will be able to resolve teeth and bite misalignment, while an orthognathic surgery will be able to correct maxilla and mandible misalignment.
Conditions that may specify the need for the surgery:
- Sleep apnea.
- Difficulty biting food or chewing.
- Inability to keep lips closed without force.
- Trouble swallowing.
- Protruding jaw or chin.
- TMJ and headache.
- Birth defects or facial injuries.
- Extreme wear on teeth.
- Dry mouth and chronic mouth breathing.
- Open bite or bigger space between lower and upper teeth with closed mouth.
- Unbalanced facial appearance on the side or front, or disproportion between facial thirds.
It is important to evaluate your requirement for an orthognathic surgery. Your surgeon will work closely with your orthodontist to decide if surgery is necessary. They will review your facial measurements, X-rays, photographs, and medical history before the surgery. They will also prepare impressions in case you need a dental appliance.